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Basic types of hosting: pros and cons



Any site on the Internet needs a server – a powerful and productive computer with an uninterrupted connection to the network, capable of storing and processing significant amounts of information. Providing space on it is called hosting. This service is among the first to be requested by site owners when launching a project.
There are different types of hosting, the main ones we will focus on in this article. Graphically they can be shown as follows:

Types of hosting

Consider how they differ from each other, their advantages and disadvantages.

Differences between types of hosting

There are several main criteria that should be analyzed first when choosing a provider.

  • Server space – hard disk space allocated for your site. That’s where the content, databases and other files are stored. The larger your project, the more space you will need. When renting a server with minimal performance, think about whether you plan to expand in the near future, so you do not have to urgently look for a new hosting or change your hosting plan.
  • Server configuration, or server configuration. This term refers to the general technical characteristics of the computer, which determine processing power, stability, speed of information processing, supported software, allowable load, etc. Ask about these parameters in advance, make sure that the work will be stable and without interruptions.
  • Memory. RAM is one of the most important indicators that affect the speed of information processing. It temporarily stores input, output, intermediate data, it depends on how quickly your site will load on users’ devices. This, in turn, determines their loyalty.
    Before you sign a contract with a provider, find out all the features of hosting, think about whether the server capacity for the normal functioning of the site, and also ask the possibility of changing the tariff plan.

Virtual (shared) hosting

It is essentially one server, its power and hard disk space are shared among many users. Each of the site owners manages the resources allocated to his project, the software is pre-installed – you do not need to find and install it yourself.
Shared type virtual hosting is suitable for small resources with low requirements, such as business cards, small startups. Now it is one of the most popular solutions, which is due to the ease of setting up and low rental price.

Inexpensive (up to $10 a month on average)Not suitable for large projects because of limited hard drive space
Universal and clear control panel, which even a novice can understand – no need to keep the state system administratorBecause of the large number of neighbors there can be overloads, which negatively affects each of the sites
General server settings remain the responsibility of the hosting company, you do not need to get into them yourselfYou cannot use “heavy” scripts, which is also due to the limited capacity of the server
Unsafe because of the risk of viruses infecting the neighboring site or blocking it. Projects that violate the law may be hosted on the same server as you. If they are blocked, other resources will also be affected if they do not use a dedicated IP address.
Pros and cons of shared hosting

Another peculiarity: if not all capacities are used, the “excess” resources are redistributed among the “active” clients.

Virtual Private Server (VPS/VDS)

In this case, each user is given a separate virtual machine with all the resources. There are already fewer neighbors here, so the risk of getting hurt because of them is reduced.
Virtual private/dedicated server is suitable for medium-sized projects – online stores, portals, etc.

A separate operating system on each virtual machineManage and configure the parameters is more complicated, so you will either need to learn the administration yourself or hire a specialist
All computing power is yours alone, even if you do not use it fully, it is not shared with other clientsThere is still a risk of getting hurt because of the neighbors
Administrator rights in management and settingsMore expensive than regular shared hosting
You can install your own software
Pros and cons of Virtual Private Server (VPS/VDS)

Dedicated server

All the power is at your disposal, since you rent a server completely, you do not share it with other users. The control over the processes is also only in your hands, the hoster is only responsible for the hardware. If you compare types of hosting, this will be the most expensive and the least common, it is used for large-scale Internet projects.

Only you have access to the serverHigh price
High level of security associated with the absence of neighborsConfiguring everything yourself is difficult, you will need a sysadmin
Pros and cons of a dedicated server

There are additional types of web hosting:

  • Colocation is similar to VDS with one difference: you rent space in the provider’s data center and use a dedicated Internet channel, you buy and install the equipment yourself.
  • Cloud-hosting (cloud-hosting) – does not provide strict tariffs and restrictions associated with them. You pay for the resources you actually use, you can increase or decrease the parameters if necessary.


Analyzing the types of website hosting and choosing a specific one, based on the scale of the project. If you have a small business card and do not plan to expand in the near future, it makes no sense to overpay for a dedicated server. Another factor that should not be overlooked is the technical support on the side of the provider. Operators should always be in touch and ready to solve any problem of the user, if it was the fault of the hoster.

You still haven’t chosen a reliable server rental company or are thinking about changing your provider? We suggest that you take advantage of our services. Tuthost is a quality service with a free trial period, the ability to order a dedicated IP address, double backups and other bonuses. Our basic rates:

Hosting typeCost, dollars per month
Virtual SSD4-10
For WordPress4-10
For mail5-20
VIP25 и 40
For large sites (Gigabyte range)10-45
For Joomla4
Basic hosting rates from Tuthost

Славик Кривуценко